In economics, the multiplier effect refers generally to the increase in final income arising from a new injection of spending. Applied to The term cash assistance refers to direct cash transfers to individuals, families and communities in need of humanitarian support in lieu of in-kind commodities or direct service delivery. The term can be used interchangeably with ‘cash-based interventions’ (CBI), ‘cash transfer programming’ (CTP), ‘cash and voucher assistance’ (CVA), and ‘cash-based programming (CBP)’. It does not include fund transfers from donors, payment of incentives to the staff of local authorities, paymen... it refers to the indirect effects of Money in physical form such as banknotes and coins. assistance, whereby increased expenditure by recipients contributes to income growth for non-recipients, expansion of markets for local goods, or increased demand for services. The ‘economic multiplier’ is the estimated number by which a This is the action by which certain banknotes and/or coins are exchanged for the same amount in banknotes/coins of a different face value, or unit value. See Exchange. in some other component of aggregate demand is multiplied to give the total amount by which the national income is increased as a result of direct and indirect benefits from that change in demand.