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Mexico: Consumers Might Be Using it Less, But They Still Prefer Cash

Categories : Cash and Crises, Cash ensures competition among payment instruments, Cash is the most widely used payment instrument
May 24, 2021
Tags : Card payments, Cash, Coronavirus, Mexico, Payment instruments
A survey by the Mexican central bank shows that transactional demand for cash declined during the pandemic. Still, most respondents choose cash as their preferred means of payment.
Manuel A. Bautista-González

Ph.D. in U.S. History, Columbia University in the City of New York

Post-Doctoral Researcher in Global Correspondent Banking, 1870-2000 – Mexico and South America, University of Oxford

This post is also available in: Spanish

Mexican Central Bank: Transactional Use of Cash Declined during the Pandemic

According to a December 2020 survey on the use of means of payment by Banco de México, 93% of the target population (representing 66.9 million Mexicans) used cash in transactions before the Covid-19 pandemic. However, after the pandemic, 86%  (equivalent to 61.9 million Mexicans) reported using less cash in payments.

The 86% result is higher than the 58% of respondents who said they used less cash in Mastercard’s “Payments, Commerce and Life After the Covid-19 Quarantine” report. According to Gabriela Ugarte, director of Mastercard Digital Solutions in Mexico and Central America, respondents in Mastercard’s survey said they were using less cash due to restrictions and lockdown measures and beliefs that cash was a Covid-19 transmission vector.

But Payment Cards’ Use Declined as Well

Cash was not the only payment instrument whose transactional use diminished in 2020, as respondents reported using other means of payments less as well. For example, before the Covid-19 pandemic, 28% of the target population used debit cards; that number has diminished to 26% after the pandemic. And 14% of the target population said they used credit cards before the pandemic: the number now stands at 11%.

Measured by aggregated transactions data with debit and credit cards from point-of-sale terminals (POS), consumption in Mexico fell 23% for the April-June 2020 quarter (Campos-Vázquez, Esquivel 2020: 5). Globally, Mastercard’s revenue dropped by 14% in 2020 to $3.84 billion.

According to the National Banking and Securities Commission (CNBV), Mexican cardholders cancelled 1.13 million credit cards between March 2020 and March 2021. Mexicans are cancelling their credit cards to reduce expenditures and increase their saving, given the historic GDP fall of 8.5%, its biggest fall since 1932.

Marginal to Slight Increases in Electronic Payments

Respondents to Banco de México’s survey reported using the Sistema de Pagos Electrónicos Interbancarios (SPEI, Interbanking Electronic Payments System) and Cobro Digital (CoDi, Digital Charging) more frequently.

For example, before the pandemic, only 0.5% of respondents (representing 400 thousand people) regularly used the SPEI; this number increased to 4% of the target population (or 2.5 million people). Likewise, none of the survey respondents used CoDi regularly before the pandemic; now, 0.9% of the population (700 thousand people) say they are using it to make payments.

Cash and Bank Infrastructure

Regarding the demand for cash and bank infrastructure, 33% reported going less to ATMs, whereas 26% reported going more to withdraw cash from ATMs. A plurality of 48% reported going less to bank branches, whereas 13% said they were going more to their banks. A plurality of 39% reported going less to convenience stores to make banking transactions, and 17% reported using these services more frequently.

Banco de México data shows that ATM transactions’ volume declined 2.9% during the first year of the Covid-19 pandemic. Still, ATM transactions’ value and average ATM withdrawals increased by 15.9% and 19.5%, respectively. In addition, the number of ATMs also grew 1.3%, primarily ATMs in bank branches (2.1%). Cash in circulation grew 30.33% in Mexico during the Covid-19 pandemic, driven by precautionary demand as a store of value and reserve amid crises.

Personal Versus Online and Mobile Shopping

A plurality of respondents (46%) reported they still shopped the same in person, compared to 32.7% who said they were shopping less in person. In municipalities with less than 50,000 inhabitants, a clear majority of 53% said they were shopping the same in person. Similar percentages of respondents said they were shopping more via mobile apps and online platforms, with 29% and 32%, respectively.

Mexicans Still Prefer Using Cash as a Payments Instrument

A large majority of Mexicans prefer to use cash in most transactions, according to the 2018 National Survey on Financial Inclusion. The Banco de México survey found that most respondents used cash as their preferred payments instrument before (76%) and after (65%) the Covid-19 pandemic. Out of those surveyed in the report, 72% believed that banknotes and coins were transmission vectors of Covid-19; only 39% saw a similar risk with debit and credit cards.

This post is also available in: Spanish